Intellectual property rights (IPR) refer to the legal rights given to an inventoror a creator of an intellectual product, to protect their invention or creation for a certain period of time.
As a general rule, products covered by an intellectual property right can only be used when the rights-holder of the exclusive right has agreed to such exploration. Such exclusive rights are protected by international conventions and national law. Norway has several laws that protect intellectual property rights, including the Copyright Act, the Trademarks Act and the Designs Act.
IPR goods (also referred to as pirated copies or pirated goods) are goods that infringe such rights. Such goods are imitations or copies of products with a special trademark, design or patent.
"The main rule is that the individual copyright holder has the sole right to decide how their intellectual work is made available to others," (Quote by Norwegian Industrial Property Office, 20 October 2020).